Same-sex marriages – Canada’s hidden data

by Robert Whiston  FRSA   Aug 13th 2013

 Arrow“Forever upwards” that’s the perception the Gay Lobby would like the pubic to believe. But do the actual numbers stack up that way – far away from the polemics on the ground.

The most populous cities, as measured by number of same sex couples, puts New York City at the head of the list with 47,000 followed by 12,000 in Los Angeles and Chicago with 10,000. [1] That was what the US Census of 2000 stated (and by now it might be far more).

But what is the situation today across the border in Canada ? There, same-sex marriages have been legal for a decade.

StatsCan – Canada’s statical service – boasted for many years that its ‘products’ were not only some of the best available but their reputation was so high that other country’s governments sent their statisticians to be trained by StatsCan.

So having compared homosexual unions and marriages in various EU countries in a previous article (, and noted the rapid fall off in popularity following the legal reforms it was natural to turn to Canada to validate the phenomenon.

Canada has proudly broadcast to the world for many years its ‘liberal credentials’ in being more progressive than most and among the first countries to legalise same-sex marriage.

But what a shock lay in store. In reality Canada as a country does not collect same-sex marriage statistical – no, not even heterosexual ones ! !

1. The Shock

StatsCan, is today possibly the only governmental statistical service in the Western world that has no idea of its national marriage or divorce figures.

Having to face economic constraints has meant ditching the collection of some key information and the management appears to have selected marriages and divorces straight and gay.

Curiously, however, a glance at their web-presence shows they still track and collate far more frivolous data. So one is left wondering what other essential data collection performed today will, one day in the future, be left to wither on the vine ?

Compared with the old StatsCan, the new StatsCan looks positively bankrupt. Although the bankruptcy is more metaphorical and a personal opinion than actualitie, it is has to be recalled that the old  StatsCan was sent reeling by a loss of Canada_1integrity of some years ago. The genesis of this was when DV was ‘flavour of the month’ everywhere (in around 1994), and it was a situation compounded by some very obvious gender biased interpretation of data and events. 

For example, in those days Statscan published only female DV statistics. It had to be cajoled into citing males victims, i.e. both genders. Statscan also used to quote “reported” DV events as opposed to ‘convictions’ (or even corroborated incidents), which obviously inflated the DV numbers. Given this eager feminist mindset, it could be said to have fallen over itself in rushing to produce glowing statistics of Gay Marriages when they were legalised in 2003 (in Ontario and British Columbia provinces only initially). [2]

Additionally, by 2009 StatsCan had for some years been criticised as being too easily ‘swayed’ by Political Correctness and domestic political considerations – the more so when one considers such influences on the staff they were training for many foreign statistical bureaux.’  One also has to fear for any resulting statistical [in]accuracies and bias.

Gay Marriage

Gay Marriage has a longer history in Canada than most would suppose and if the same ‘evaporation of demand’ was to be demonstrated the Canadian data would be able to confirm it.

A variety of Canadian websites sponsored by government or state agencies attest to their pride in being progressive, liberal and among the first to legalise same-sex marriage.

Table 1 (above) shows the cumulative total, by province, but it should be underscored that these are not annual totals but historic cumulative ones dating back to 2003. So one wonders if, for instance, the Yukon saw a steady one per year of a spurt in year one and two and then very few afterwards.

Explaining the data deficit

In an email correspondence with a Consulting-Analyst of ‘Statistics Canada’, it quickly became apparent they were in no position to assist in finding the hidden data on Gay marriages – because they no longer collected any annual data on marriage numbers at the national level. Some key sentences in their replies are shown paraphrased below:

  • After the release of the 2008 data StatsCan discontinued collecting marriage or divorce statistics.
  • Even at the time, data quality was ‘suspect’ because the records included a large proportion of “Not Stated” for type of marriage. Therefore, in the tables prepared 2005 to 2008, marriage by type was excluded . . . .  we do not have any marriage or divorce statistics subsequent to 2008. 
  • The 2011 Census data which might have provided an alternative source, not only ‘over-estimated’ the number of same-sex marriages by a several thousands, but showed only a cumulative figure, i.e. all gay marriages from 2004 to 2011 [ so there were no annual figures].
  • There are no annual figures for heterosexual marriages.
  • The number of people/couples who did not indicate on their marriage licence what type it was, must be significant since a small discrepancy could normally be covered by a “cautionary note/footnote,”

It is difficult to understand why, when data such as marriages and divorces are so an essential and basic commodity that it Canada_2should be decided to discontinue them – particularly when other nations also facing the same recession still collect such information.

One would have thought that government would have relied on StatsCan to provide a wide range of up-to-date basic data for planning purposes.

The decision not to publish marriages numbers since the 2005 ‘errors’ must mean the data reliability concerns within StatsCan must have been severe.

The advice received from StatsCan, re: Gay Marriage numbers, was to approach each of the provinces individually – ‘as they might collect the data.’

There are in fact 13 provinces in Canada the biggest is Ontario (see Table 1 above), but not all of them collect Gay v Straight marriage numbers. Canada has a population of approx 35 million (2011), and in a worst case scenario if data could be found for at least 50% of the 35 million one might make tentative projections. (See Appendix 1, below, for a full list of Canada’s 13 provinces).

Fortunately, three provinces alone contain 74% of Canada’s population and the top 4 provinces contain 84%. However, the most populous, Ontario, is one of the provinces that does not collect, or does not display, marriage and divorce statistics.

Unfortunately, although the biggest province, Ontario, has not collected marriage data since around 2005 we do on the other hand have both Alberta and British Columbia which collect annual figures for same-sex marriages (see below). Having lost Ontario (at 38% of the nation’s population), only the remaining British Columbia (13%) Alberta (10%) and Quebec [3] (23%), are of significant size to form an approximation – and even here data was not consistent.

Of these three, Quebec appears to have no statistical record that can be interrogated which leaves only British Columbia and Alberta, representing a rump of only 23% of Canada’s population.

Sadly, even Canada’s newspapers can shed no further light on the actual annual numbers as this extract (from the Huffington Post) exemplifies: [4]

  • “In all, there were 42 per cent more same-sex couples counted in 2011 than in 2006. The Census recorded 64,575 same-sex couples compared to 45,350 in 2006 and 34,200 in 2001, when Statistics Canada first began noting same-sex common law relationships.
  • Same-sex couples accounted for 0.8% of all couples in 2011.

2. Limited data

Before delving into the national Census which does show same-sex marriages – albeit cumulatively – it is perhaps worth looking at data from specific provinces and then compare the overall picture gleaned in the main from Census returns.

British Columbia

The following annual totals are drawn from data made available by British Columbia from 2003 to 2011. Regrettably British Columbia’s records are not annual but appear to be biennial. However, taken overall, British Columbia is perhaps the best example of a province providing comprehensive annual data.

The first grouping with a sub-total of 1,470 represents the ‘total number of same-sex marriages’ performed in 2003. The second sub-total of 643 is the number of Canadian, regardless of origin (e.g. from Quebec, Ontario, Alberta, etc), who were legally married in British Columbia.


The third grouping “Overseas Total”, are those same-sex couples from outside Canada who travelled to British Columbia to be married.

Translated into a graph (see below), the initial surge created by starting from zero can be seen to be followed by a tailing-off in demand A trend line has been superimposed for ‘Total Same-Sex Marriages’ but all the other sub-sets, i.e. Total Canadian, Total Female and Total Overseas all decline after 2005 which must be seem as British Columbia highpoint.

Graph 1. British Columbia. Same-Sex Marriages, by prior residential locality (actual numbers and trend line).


One also has to assume that the falloff in overseas is inevitable and in large part due to the legalization of same-sex marriage in other countries.

Other early statistics from British Columbia dates from 2003, and shows ‘same-sex’ marriages by place of residence but only by proportion and not discrete numbers (see Table 4 below).


In British Columbia, people who married someone of the same-sex had an average age at first marriage of around  13 years more than people who married someone of the opposite sex.

Thus, in British Columbia, the average age at first marriage (for same-sex couples) between men was 43.9 years, and for women it was 41.6 years. However, the average age at first marriage (for opposite-sex couples) was 31.0 years for men and 28.8 years for women. This is the level of detail not found in any other province.


Data available from Alberta is annual and stretches from 2005 to 2011. Again we find the numbers are in the low hundreds rather than the thousands which is the impression given by StatsCan and their 2011 Census returns. Alberta legalised same-sex marriages on July 20th 2005.

For some reason Alberta chooses to call same-sex marriages, “same gender” marriages. 

The presentation is not as clear as for British Columbia’s. The data below shows marriages numbers depicted at Table 16. Although Table 14 and 15 also show same-sex marriages they are laid out in age groupings and not distinct genders (see Table 5 below). 


Only ‘Totals’ have been here used because Alberta does not distinguish between male same-sex marriages and female same-sex marriages. Confusingly, the Alberta method is to create a matrix where categories such as “Divorced”, for example, appear on both the vertical and horizontal axis but the numbers do not always tally save for the Totals column – which is the data used here.

Graph 2. Alberta – Same-Sex marriages by prior declared marital status.

Canada_graph2As can be seen from the Table 5 above, the total number of same-sex marriages started off at 138 in 2005 (against a backdrop of 17,762 total marriages in the same year), equivalent tor 0.77%, and had, by 2011, had fallen back to that same level of 138. This is also shown in graph format (above).

Alberta appears to have attracted, or been able to cater for, only 10% of the numbers choosing British Columbia’s for a same-sex marriage. Alberta’s graph peaks on the ‘Y’ axis at just over 250 pa, whereas British Columbia’s peaks at 2,000 pa for the same year.

Alberta did not gain from being a pioneer of same-sex marriage so there is no apparent peak or ‘spike’ in the first few years of 2005 or 2006 – usually associated with fundamental reforms. However, Alberta did have an increase in 2006 and did manage to maintain a relatively high level until a collapse in 2012. Why this should be is not explained in any of the notes or commentaries that have so far come to light.


This is the most frustrating province when searching for Marriage Statistics. All search permutations bring forth only Marriage Licence information and how to get a copy of a lost licence, the requirements for a legal marriage etc, etc.

In an email reply (Aug 2013) to my request for data from Service Ontario with regards my “interest in vital statistics” they stated that:  

  • “Currently, we have limited resources to respond to data requests.
  • Please be advised that we cannot respond to your request at this time. 
  • We invite you to re-apply in 3 months’ time by emailing .”

However, for one year only – in 2003 – the City of Toronto issued datasets which captured statistical information about marriage, including same-sex marriages.[5]  But take care – this data (see below) is little more than a snapshot of one month. It is just a glimmer and nothing more.

Canada_6Save for this exception (i.e. Table 6), Ontario, where Toronto is by far the biggest city, does not produce any marriage statistics – and certainly not by gender.

Without Ontario’s inclusion British Columbia and Alberta make up barely 23% of Canada’s population (i.e. 7.7m). This is not sufficient a base from which to make any reliable  predictions or extrapolations.

Idiosyncratically, Ontario’s marriage registration forms do not contain information allowing the type of marriage (opposite-sex, male and female same-sex marriages) to be identified. Enquiries made of Ontario’s statistical service revealed that a privatised company now appears to be in charge of matters. My enquiry was forwarded to:

  • “Thunder Bay Production and Verification Services Branch [or TBPVSB for short], and formerly the Office of the Registrar General.”

One of the emails received from Ontario’s statistical service (Aug 19th 2013) made clear that this company now records not only marriages but the registration of; name changes, births, deaths, and those who can perform marriages in Ontario.

In the mainstream media it is almost as if Europe and Canada are orchestrating the echoing one another’s mantra’s with newspapers and official statistical services sharing the same narrative and sub-text. They wax lyrical about the growing numbers of same-sex marriages. For instance, a headline in Canada’s Global News ran “Number of gay marriages in Canada triples: census”, adding: [6]

  • “They are part of an exploding number of same-sex couples saying “I do” in Canada – a right first recognised nationwide in 2005.”
  • ‘The number of same-sex married couples has tripled in the past five years, according to figures released figures by Statistics Canada on Wednesday.’

But there is something that sets this commentary apart from the reality and that is the undisclosed annual figures. Citing cumulative numbers will always be impression over a 10 year period but also always misleading. This is most pronounced is the Canadian Census figures which appear to be the only source of national same-sex marriage data.


Chart 1. All Canada. Marriages (1921 – 2008)

Something else that sets this commentary apart from reality is the disguising by distraction of the near-terminal decline in marriage rates generally. The chart above depicts this collapse in graphic terms. One can only imagine that the period 1930 to 1940 saw an economic boom resulting in increased marriage rates. What is not so clear is why after the Korean War marriages should have declined ? Equally, what triggered the increase seen between 1960 and 1970 – and what then sparked the present decline from 1970 to 2008 ? A pivotal year appears to be 1970. But had it anything to do with the “Charter of Rights and Freedoms” of 1982 (see ‘Postscript’) ?


Among Canada’s big 3 provinces it is Quebec that shows the most strains and the most social unraveling. Taking a few key indicators such as single adults and single-parent-household (aka SMH), and the number of cohabiting couples as a  ratio of married couples, it is the most troubling and dysfunctional.

To date no Québécois annual same-sex data has been found but the 2011 Canadian Census for Quebec’s marriage and ‘conjugal status’ is shown below in Table 7. [7]

Canada_7It must be recalled that these total are all cumulative, not annual. Combining the ‘same-sex married spouses’ with the ‘same-sex common-law partners’ category gives rise to only 2.56% of total opposite sex marriages and couples and which is substantially lower than the national figure of 3.346% (see above).

3. Relying on the Census

The first Canadian census to count same-sex marriages was in 2006, and so it should be no surprise that increases of “32%” have been realised by 2011.

Though it has been mentioned before, citing cumulative data will always be impressive taken over a 10 year period. But misleading too when talking of same-sex marriages is to state that:

  • “The trend is striking when in comparison the marriage numbers for Canadians in general”

This refers to only a rise of 2.9% in the number of married heterosexual couples. However, working from a far larger base any increase will look marginal and this is only to be expected. Thus the comment is deliberately misleading and of no value.

What is of interest in the Census of 2011 is that twelve per cent (12%) of married same-sex couples now have children, along with 8% of same-sex ‘common-law’ partners.

Other 2011 Census Bullet Points include:

  1. Same-sex couples accounted for 0.8 per cent of all Canadian couples, compared to 0.7 per cent in Australia, 0.4 per cent in the United Kingdom and 0.6 per cent in the United States.
  2. Same-sex couples accounted for 0.8 per cent of all Canadian couples, compared to 0.7 per cent in Australia, 0.4 per cent in the United Kingdom and 0.6 per cent in the United States.
  3. Marriage still remains the minority for same-sex couples.
  4. The 2011 census enumerated 21,015 same-sex married couples and 43,560 in common-law relationships

Table 8, below, is an abbreviated form showing both married and non-married couples. Though they are cumulative and not annual figures, they usefully show the divide between ‘opposite-sex married spouses’ and ‘same-sex married spouses’ which represented only 0.3% even after so many years of legalisation. [8]

Canada_8Table 8 also shows that Canada’s Census not only counts but distinguishes between the various forms of ‘Common-law partnership’, e.g. opposite-sex and same-sex (the later shown in red and giving a gross total of 3.346%).

The following Table (Table 9) shows an abbreviated array of the number of heterosexual female marriages and ‘common-law’ arrangements, together with female only homosexual marriages and partnerships (unions), and proportions, also revealed by the 2011 Census. [9]

  • An aside: The types of union possible between heterosexual couples are; 1/. spousal, i.e. formally married, 2/. common-law partnerships or 2/. unscheduled cohabiting. Common-law marriages has never existed in England. but cohabitation has. In recent years it was the intent of Britain’s Law Commission to abolish any distinction between spousal and cohabitee rights when divorcing (ref. the state’s power of  property theft).  This would severely have circumscribed an individual’s freedom of choice.


In keeping with most of Canada’s provinces data from Saskatchewan is patchy. During 2009 there were a total of 5,111 marriages were solemnised in Saskatchewan. This represents a crude rate of 4.9 marriages per 1,000 population.

Of those 5,111 marriages registered in Saskatchewan in 2009, 29 of those marriages were between same-sex partners, or 0.56%.

In the same year, 2009, a total of 1,976 divorces were registered in the province (though this may not represent the total number of petitions filed in 2009, as some petitions may not yet be finalised.

Canada_10During the year 2007, a total of 5,235 marriages were solemnized in Saskatchewan. This total represents a crude rate of 5.2 marriages per 1,000 population. Marriage rates for Canada, the provinces, and Saskatchewan for 2005 are given in Table 10. Of the 5,235 marriages registered in Saskatchewan in 2007, 26 of those marriages were between same-sex partners (see graphic below). [10]

Graph 3. Saskatchewan – same-sex partners 2005 -09

Canada_graph3For the year 2005, a total of 5,121 marriages occurred in Saskatchewan. This total represents a crude rate of 5.1 marriages per 1,000 population. Marriage rates for Canada, the provinces, and Saskatchewan for 2002 are given on the next page for comparison.

Of the 5,121 marriages registered in Saskatchewan in 2005, 50 of those marriages were between same-sex partners.

Although there is little data to process with confidence it would appear that the same ‘flash in the pan’ effect seen in Europe is also at work in Saskatchewan.

Whether Canada’s legally recognised ‘common-law’ unions represents a 4th option is not clear.

From Canadian data it is clear that more people over the age of 15 are single rather than married or living as a couple. Similarly, more people cohabit than marry in Canada – especially in Quebec. Overall, a total of 147,391 Canadian couples were married in 2003, only 653 more than in 2002 and just 773 more than in 2001, according to vital statistics data from the provinces and the territories, which for the first time include limited information on same-sex marriages. [11]

StatsCan publication, “2011 Census of Population: Families, households, marital status, structural type of dwelling, collectives” (pub 2012),  identifies Nunavut (at 32.7%) and Quebec (at 31.5%) as the two Provinces with the highest rate of common-law couples. High proportions of common-law couples were also found in the Northwest Territories (28.7%) and Yukon (25.1%), which might indicate a link that distance from large unban amenities and pressures to conform (the ‘Wild West’ factor) may play a role.

Repeatedly, one finds in official statistics and where same-sex marriage data is supposedly available it is unhelpfully expressed as ‘percentages’ (but of what ?), as any brief examination of StatsCan quickly reveals.

But rather more helpfully at this particular URL the commentary continues to reveal that:

  • “Of the 21,981 marriages that occurred in British Columbia in 2003, 774, or 3.5%, were between people of the same sex.”

Of the 774 same-sex marriages in British Columbia, 422, or 54.5%, were female couples and 352, or 45.5%, were male couples. [12] Additionally, because we are dealing with 2003 data and British Columbia was one of the first places to legalise same-sex marriage, plus Canada, in 2003, was the only country in the world that allowed same-sex marriages between people who were not residents of its territory, we also learn that :

  • “More than half (55.9%) of the people who entered into a same-sex marriage in British Columbia were not residents of Canada.”

4. Cumulative Census Data

We have to wait until the Census of 2011 for a breakdown in same-sex marriages – albeit cumulative in nature and therefore not comparable with European data.

Table 11, below, crucially displays that among heterosexual couples there are far more who are married (12.5m+) than are living as common law partners (3m+). However, among homosexuals, at 42,000 same-sex marriages (male and female) they represent only 0.33% of the ‘Opposite-sex married spouses.’


The above Table depicts the overall picture as at 2011 and of both sexes regardless of their gender orientation. [13] However, Table 12 (below) shows how many men (Gay and straight) were married or in a relationship. [14] 

Comparable figures for lesbian marriages, ie female same-sex marriages, are shown in Table 13 below. If anything same-sex common-law partners among women slightly out-number male homosexual common-law partners in percentage terms, ie 0.63% as opposed to only 3.1%. But in concrete numbers, male same-sex marriages at 23,080 outpace lesbian marriages at 18,955.

The reader’s attention is drawn to the varying percentages in both Tables 12 and 13. Table 12 shows that among males same-sex unions there are 8 times as many common-law partnerships as there are same-sex marriages (expressed as a proportion of a).all spouses and b) all common-law unions). Given that there is little difference in state recognition and inheritance taxes etc as applied to common-law unions, one wonders why the discrepancy is so large (3.1% vs 0.36%). Secondly, one wonders why it was thought essential to use parliamentary debating time to push through same-sex marriages (other than to make a political point).

On the other hand, reader’s may have noticed a discrepancy in Table 13 which shows that among ‘female’ same-sex unions there are only double (not  8 times) the number of common law partnerships as there are marriages – as expressed as a proportion of a).spouses and b) common (0.6 vs. 03). [13]


And while same-sex marriages have been available to both men and women since 2003, male   same-sex marriages numerically predominate, at 23,080 vs 18,955. The same appears true of male versus female same-sex common-law partners.

Canada’s overall population, by marital status and sex for the years 2008 to 2012 inclusive are shown below in Appendix 1.

An interesting comment found in a StatsCan commentary points to a ‘provincial court rulings in 2003, vital statistics registries in Ontario and British Columbia’ started to register marriages of same-sex couples. So quite why Ontario doesn’t collect vital statistics but British Columbia does is a mystery.

The same Note also states:

  • “Marriage statistics by sex are not available for Ontario as the province does not identify whether a marriage is opposite-sex, male same-sex, or female same-sex, or the sex of the person getting married. Any national marriage statistics presented by sex for 2003 excludes Ontario data.”

Without the 2011 Census of Population we would be unaware that there was a total of 64,575 same-sex couples in Canada in 2011, of which 21,015 were married.

To arrive at a very inaccurate estimate of the annual number of same-sex marriages we can crudely divide the 21,015 total which would give us a figure of 2,627 pa

But as StatsCan states elsewhere, ‘these data should be used with caution’ in the main due to a miscalculation of between 0 and 4,500 is assessing how many same-sex couples actually existed (apparently 2 men or more sharing a college dorm where wrongly classified). However, StatsCan says “This does not affect the quality of other data from this release.”

 New Zealand

This is the latest country (Aug 2013), to adopt same-sex marriage. However, with a population of only 4.4 million and a probable 2% of the population ‘Gay’ (ie homosexual or lesbian), this fives rise to 88,000 individuals who might take advantage the opportunity. (See Table 2, British Columbia, Pop’n 4.4m).

Using the same very basic calculations (2% x 35m), Canada would have a latent pool of 700,000 of ‘Gays’ in it’s population – but as we can see from the cumulative Census data nowhere near that number are in either same-sex marriages or same-sex common-law partners.

Nonetheless, we should expect that a ‘spike’ in New Zealand same-sex marriages will occur in the first 12 months, followed by a tailing off. The only factor that may prolong the surge might be an influx of Australian same-sex couples seeking marriage.


To the question, “Why has there been an apparent surge in same-sex marriages around the world”, the answer has to be the legalising and enforcement of equality.

The mother, father and midwife of ‘equality’ legislation perhaps never thought to what ends their liberal views and ambitions could be bent. Having given ‘all men’ the same and equal rights it is surely natural that those with a proclivity or deviant behaviour would seek to avail themselves of those very self-same equal rights. If so – and if that is the rationale – how long will it be before paedophiles will demand of Society the same rights, the same ‘equal treatment’ which the  majority of us now enjoy and take as normal life and values ?

In the case of Canada, having ditched their English common law heritage in the 1980s the country has been at the mercy of its rather feminist skewed “Charter of Rights and Freedoms.” This was part of a process that began in 1960 with the “Canadian Bill of Rights” culminating in the efforts of a somewhat leftish-feminist Prime Minister, Pierre Trudeau to get the Charter adopted in 1982.

Equality for all – and in all matters – was enshrined in the charter which the Supreme Court could enforce without reference to precedent, culture, heritage or tradition. Was any thought given to Gays and Lesbians in 1960 – no, very little one suspects. Who in those days would have imagined it being used in the way it has to establish Gay Rights by 2003 ?

In 1952 psychiatrists and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) listed “homosexuality” as a sociopathic personality disturbance, under the general heading of mental illness. It was also a criminal offence. To overturn these barriers took many years (see Appendix 3). In Britain, homosexuality had limited de-criminalisation by the Sexual Offences Act 1967 – so long as the homosexual acts were in private and between two consenting adults.

Therefore, before paedophilia can have any hope of acceptance by professionals, i.e. psychiatrists and thus Society, it will first have to be removed as a sexual  deviancy from the DSM and then the second hurdle is to have their sexual proclivity “de-criminalised.” All this looks impossible and too fantastic for words now but there is a precedent that has already been set.

And so it is with Europe. The many EU Treaties contain provisions for equalities in all matters and thus ‘reforms’ filter out of Brussels and into national legislation. There is simply no option for national governments, and to deny it would be to discriminate against a section of society. Had Britain not signed these Treaties then, in common with Russia, we could have devised our own regime and sense of equality – perhaps as originally intended

Following the 2011 Census newspaper headlines in the Canadian Press revealed that: 

‘Census may have counted roommates as married gay couples’ (Sept 19th  2012)

  • An unexpectedly high number of same-sex marriages in places like the oilpatch left census-takers scratching their heads — until they realized many of the “couples” were only splitting the rent.
  • As a result, Statistics Canada said Wednesday, it may have overestimated by as many as 4,500 the number of same-sex married couples in parts of the country.
  • A last-minute discovery forced the agency to hold back some census data on gay and lesbian married couples when they realized they couldn’t be certain if some people were hitched or only roommates. (

Sadly, what has changed over the years in Canada is an aggregation of distinct data groups. Thus, one finds a StatsCan comment such as “Inclusion of same-sex as married.”

In other words there has been a persistent and continued homogenisation of family law to treat married couples and common-law couples uniformly (Ref: the recent “Lola” case in Quebec upset the trend as Quebec remains the only province not granting spousal maintenance to common law).


Appendix 1

List of all 13 Canadian provinces by population size, as at 2011 Census.


Appendix 2

Out of a total population of 34,880,491 (34.8m), in 2012, there were 13,833,655 individuals (13.8m) who were married (men and women), meaning there were 21,046,836 who has some other marital status.

The largest of these groups was the “Singles” who  very nearly numbered the same as married couples at 13,788,492 (13.7m).

When StatsCan states there to be more ‘singles’ than married individuals in the country this must be based on including those who are; divorced (1,690,074); those who are widowed (1,798,662) and those Separated (767,550) .

These sub-groups total 4,256,286. However, as in the UK some of these might be undeclared relationships.

The reader will have noticed that the 3,002,058 living in ‘common law’ relationships have not been included. This is because the author takes the view that this is comparable to cohabiting statistics in the UK which are a ‘flow variable’, i.e. transient, rather than a stock variable which is the categorisation applicable to the other sub-groups. In practice cohabiting barely lasts 2 years before it breaks up or moves into marriage, or into another adult relationship.


Appendix 3

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), is published by the American Psychiatric Association and provides a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders

Influential for the acceptance of homosexuals as normal human beings was a study conducted by a psychologist (Evelyn Hooker), in 1956 that compared the happiness and well-adjusted nature of self-identified homosexual men with heterosexual men and found no difference. (“Homosexuality: A Psychoanalytic Study of Male Homosexuals”).  This was hotly contested by others in the field as well as by homosexual men themselves who, like obese people always feel they have to justify their condition, confessed to morose feelings (the morbidity alcoholism and suicide rates bear out this last view).

In 1957 homosexuality was nowhere to be seen on the public’s radar screen when the  Wolfenden Report came out that year and suggested consenting homosexual sexual acts between homosexual adults “in private” should no longer be a criminal offence in Britain. It was to be another 10 years before any government had the nerve to incorporate homosexuality into an Act designed to deal with street prostitution (the Sexual Offences Act 1967).

Meanwhile the homosexuality debate was reaching fervour pitch in the US. Badgered by activists the APA caved in and by in 1974, DSM-II edition  no longer listed homosexuality as a category of mental disorder in anything but extreme cases. It is tragically ironic to now realise that data presented  from the researcher Alfred Kinsey – who we now know corrupted data to suit his own sexual orientation – was accepted as persuasive, and we can only suppose that others supporting the de-listing might also have had ulterior motives.


[1] Gay Marriage Facts and Statistics Source: 2000 Census.

[2] It is perhaps interesting to note that it was a minority government which introduced the Canadian legislation in 2005, and one wonders if a weakened Coalition in the UK also paved the way for the same legal change ?

[3] Quebec, despite being mainly Catholic legalised same-sex unions in 2002. And yet “the number of same-sex couples surged 32.6% between 2001 and 2006” –

[11] See

[12] See

[14] See

[15]  See

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